President Andrew Johnson's plan for Reconstruction aimed to punish
a. Northern abolitionists.
b. poor white Southerners.
c. Confederate leaders.
d. formerly enslaved African Americans.
Which of the following made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the nation?
a. Thirteenth Amendment
b. Fifteenth Amendment
c. Fourteenth Amendment
d. Reconstruction Act of 1867
Hiram Revels was the first African-American
a. U.S. senator.
b. army general.
c. Supreme Court justice.
d. cabinet member.
Which of the following is an example of "redemption" as it was defined near the end of Reconstruction?
a. After a long struggle to gain civil rights, African Americans finally secured, or "redeemed, " their right to vote.
b. A state government had been under Republican leadership for 12 years, but then Democrats returned to power, or "redeemed" the state.
c. A presidential candidate lost the popular vote, but was "redeemed" when the electoral college voted.
d. A president's administration was plagued with scandal, but the president "redeemed" himself by firing many corrupt officials.
Which of the following states had the fewest electoral votes?
b. North Carolina
d. Rhode Island
A state government that is run without federal intervention illustrates the idea of
c. home rule.
Thaddeus Stevens could be described as all of the following except
b. a Northerner.
c. a representative.
d. a Republican.
Which of the following was not a requirement of former Confederate states under the Reconstruction Act of 1867?
a. All African-American families would receive 40 acres and a mule.
b. Voters, including African Americans, would elect delegates to draft new constitutions.
c. They had to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment to be readmitted to the Union.
d. They would be divided into military districts headed by Union generals.
Why did the federal government eventually send troops into the South?
a. to protect the land farmed by African American sharecroppers
b. to put down riots caused by bank failures during the Panic of 1873
c. to keep Confederate veterans from forming a new Southern army
d. to limit violence and voter intimidation against African Americans
The Compromise of 1877 signaled an end to
b. the Panic of 1873.
c. the Republican Party.
d. civil rights legislation
During Reconstruction, all of the following increased in the South except
b. public works programs.
c. populations of towns and cities.
d. per capita income.
The Fourteenth Amendment was passed to provide a constitutional basis for the
a. Compromise of 1877.
b. Civil Rights Act of 1866.
c. Thirteenth Amendment.
d. black codes.
Who did the Radical Republicans believe should be in charge of Reconstruction policy?
a. the executive branch of the federal government
b. the legislative branch of the federal government
c. the newly elected governments of former Confederate states
d. the judicial branch of the federal government
After the Civil War, why did new Republican governments in the South have difficulty?
a. African Americans resented interference from Northern carpetbaggers.
b. African Americans did not hold office at the state or local level.
c. Slavery remained in force in several Southern states.
d. Many white Southerners refused to accept equal rights for blacks.
No one can be kept from voting because of race, color, or former enslavement, according to the
a. Fourteenth Amendment.
b. Fifteenth Amendment.
c. Thirteenth Amendment.
d. black codes.
Who was the first African-American U.S. senator?
a. Samuel J. Tilden
b. Henry M. Turner
c. Hiram Revels
d. Garrison Frazier
The congressional leader of the Radical Republicans was
a. Horace Greeley.
b. Thaddeus Stevens.
c. Samuel J. Tilden.
d. Hiram Revels.
When Reconstruction began, which of the following groups of Americans living in the South tended to support the Democratic Party?
Choose one answer.
b. African Americans
d. wealthy landowner
Which action showed that President Andrew Johnson did not support greater rights for Africans Americans in the South?
a. He vetoed the Freedmen's Bureau Act and the Civil Rights