Employment Insurance (EI) and Regular Benefits.
Who is eligible?
Regular benefits can be paid if you lose your job through no fault of your own, for example, due to shortage of work, seasonal or mass lay-offs and you are available for and able to work but you can’t find a job.
To be eligible for regular benefits you must show that:
* you have been without work and without pay for at least 7 consecutive days; and
* in the last 52 weeks or since your last claim, this period is called the qualifying period, you have worked for the required number of insurable hours. The hours are based on where you live and the unemployment rate in your economic region at the time of filing your claim for benefits.
If you voluntarily quit your job without just cause or if you are fired due to your own misconduct, you will not be paid regular benefits. To know more on quitting your job or being fired for misconduct...
The qualifying period is the shorter of :
* the 52-week period immediately before the start date of a claim, or
* the period since the start of a previous EI claim if that claim had started during the 52 week-period.
Only the insurable hours that fall within the qualifying period are used to start a benefit period. However, the qualifying period may be extended up to 104 weeks if you were not employed in insurable employment and not receiving EI because you were:
* incapable of work by reason of illness, injury, quarantine or pregnancy; or
* confined in a jail, penitentiary or other similar institution; or
* attending a course of instruction or other related employment activity to which you were referred to by an Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC) designated authority; or
* not working because you were receiving a payment under a provincial law on the basis of having ceased work because continuing to work would have entailed danger to you, your unborn child or a child you were breast feeding.
If one of these reasons applies to you, it is your responsibility to request the extension of your qualifying period and to provide all supporting documents.
Maybe your old EI claim just needs to be reactivated
If you filed a claim for benefits within the last 52 weeks, you may be able to reactivate this claim. To reactivate your claim, please submit an application online 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, anywhere you have Internet access, or during business hours at your Service Canada Centre.
However, in certain situations it may be to your advantage to cancel or end your old claim and start a new one instead. If you are interested in doing so, please contact us within 30 days. To know more on the duration of a benefit period...